VICTORIA, Tomas Luis de

(1548-1611)
Tomas Luis de Victoria was the greatest Spanish composer of the Renais­sance. In his life and works, the ideals of the Catholic Reformation found their quintessential musical expression.
Victoria was born in Avila and received his early musical training there as a choirboy in the cathedral. After his voice broke, he was sent to the Jesuit German College in Rome, where he doubtless came into contact with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina,* who was at that time choirmaster of the nearby Roman Seminary. In 1569 he accepted a part-time position as singer and organist at the Church of S. Maria di Monserrato, and from 1571 he taught music at the German College, where he also served as choirmaster from 1575 to 1577. He entered the priesthood in 1575, and from 1578 until 1585 he held a nonmusical position as chaplain at S. Girolamo della Carita, the church where St. Philip Neri* held his famous religious meetings. With the support of five Spanish benefices con­ferred by Pope Gregory XIII, he now devoted himself to his priestly duties and charitable works, serving in 1583-84, for example, as visitor of the sick for the Spanish Archconfraternity of the Resurrection. But it was also during these years that he published five deluxe folio editions of his music. In the dedication of his 1583 mass book to Philip II,* Victoria expressed his desire to return to Spain. In response, Philip named him chaplain to his sister, the dowager empress Maria, at the Convento de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid. Following the em­press's death in 1603, Victoria remained at the convent, serving as maestro of the choir until 1604 and organist until his own death in 1611.
Victoria's compositions include about fifty motets and over twenty masses in addition to magnificats, hymns, and other liturgical pieces. He wrote only Latin sacred music, and his output, compared to that of William Byrd,* Orlando di Lasso,* or Palestrina, is both small and limited in scope. But in technical re­finement and expressive power, he was unsurpassed. In the dramatic intensity of his music, moreover, modern critics have heard a parallel to the spiritual fervor and mysticism of Spanish contemporaries such as El Greco* and St. Teresa of Avila.*
Bibliography
R. Stevenson, "Tomas Luis de Victoria (ca. 1548-1611): Unique Spanish Genius," Inter-American Music Review 12 (1991): 1-100.
David Crook

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Victoria, Tomás Luis de — born с 1548, near Avila, Spain died Aug. 27, 1611, Madrid Spanish composer. He went to Rome с 1565 as an organist and singer, and he may have studied with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, eventually becoming kapellmeister for a Jesuit… …   Universalium

  • Victoria, Tomás Luis de — ( 1548, cerca de Ávila, España–27 ago. 1611, Madrid). Compositor español. Viajó a Roma 1565 en calidad de organista y cantor, probablemente estudió con Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, y con el tiempo se convirtió en maestro de capilla en una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Victoria, Tomás Luis de — (1548, Avila – 20 August 1611, Madrid)    Roman Catholic priest, organist and composer noted for his religious devotion, he restricted himself to Latin texts, and thus his {}oeuvre is smaller than that of Orlandus Lassus or Giovanni da Palestrina …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Tomás Luis de Victoria — Tomás Luis de Victoria, sometimes Italianised as da Vittoria (1548 – 20 August 1611), was the most famous composer of the 16th century in Spain, and one of the most important composers of the Counter Reformation, along with Giovanni da Palestrina …   Wikipedia

  • Tomas Luis de Victoria — Tomás Luis de Victoria Tomás Luis de Victoria (* um 1548 in Ávila (Spanien), lat. Thomas Ludovicus a Victoria Abulensis; † 27. August 1611[1] in Madrid) war ein spanischer Komponist der Renaissance. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tomás Luis Victoria — Tomás Luis de Victoria Tomás Luis de Victoria (* um 1548 in Ávila (Spanien), lat. Thomas Ludovicus a Victoria Abulensis; † 27. August 1611[1] in Madrid) war ein spanischer Komponist der Renaissance. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tomás Luis de Victoria — Nacimiento 1548 Ávila Fallecimiento 1611 Madrid …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tomás Luis de Victoria — (* um 1548 in Sanchidrián, Provinz Ávila (Spanien); † 27. August 1611[1] in Madrid; lat. Thomas Ludovicus a Victoria Abulensis) war ein spanischer Komponist der Renaissance. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Komponiste …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tomás Luis de Victoria — Naissance vers 1548 Sanchidrián,  Espagne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tomas Luis Victoria — Tomás Luis de Victoria Tomás Luis de Victoria Naissance vers 1548 Avila,  Espagne …   Wikipédia en Français


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